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What is Bitcoin Halving?

Published
April 19, 2024
Updated
April 19, 2024
< 3 min read

Intro

There are only a few hours left until the new Bitcoin Halving. This process is not only important for Bitcoin holders and investors, but is a significant event for the entire cryptocurrency world and also has broad economic implications.

What is Bitcoin Halving?

Bitcoin Halving is an event that occurs approximately every four years or every 210,000 blocks and consists of halving the reward for mining a block. This mechanism was put in place by the creator of Bitcoin, Satoshi Nakamoto, to control inflation. Bitcoin inflation is the process of gradually increasing the number of Bitcoins in circulation through mining, which reduces their relative value over time.

The first halving occurred in 2012, when the block reward decreased from 50 to 25 bitcoins. Subsequent halvings in 2016 and 2020 continued this trend, reducing the reward to 12.5 and then 6.25 bitcoins, respectively.

How can Halving be compared?

Halving can be compared to cutting back on the production of valuable resources in a traditional economy, such as cutting oil production to increase its cost. Or another example is gold, which is valued for its limited quantity. Mining gold requires a significant investment of time and resources, making it expensive and labor-intensive to mine. Likewise, Bitcoin also has a limited supply of 21 million coins, which prevents inflation and increases its value as a deflationary asset. Just like in the cases of oil and gold, a decrease in the supply of Bitcoin can lead to an increase in its price if demand remains the same or increases.

Other examples of halvings

Although halving is best known in the context of Bitcoin, similar mechanisms exist in other cryptocurrencies such as Litecoin and Bitcoin Cash. These mechanisms are also intended to control inflation and encourage decentralization of mining.

Litecoin (LTC)

First halving (2015): Before the halving, the price of Litecoin fluctuated around $1.5. After the halving, the price began to gradually increase, reaching around $3 by the end of 2015.

Second halving (2019): In the months leading up to the halving, LTC rose from around $30 to a peak of $140 in June 2019, followed by a decline. By the end of 2019, the price stabilized around $40-$50.

Bitcoin Cash (BCH)

Halving (2020): Before the halving, BCH was trading at around $250. During and after the halving, the price initially fell to around $220, but then recovered to reach around $350 again by the end of 2020, driven in part by the general upward trend of cryptocurrencies.

These examples show that halvings can have a significant impact on cryptocurrency prices, although the actual effect depends on a variety of factors, including market perception, macroeconomic conditions and changes in the technology landscape.

Technical side of Bitcoin halving

Technically speaking, halving occurs every 210,000 blocks, which is the result of Bitcoin's consensus algorithm. The mechanism maintains a limited supply of bitcoins - a maximum of 21 million - and prevents inflation.

Impact of Bitcoin halving

Halving affects the economic and technical parameters of Bitcoin. From an economic perspective, it is expected that fewer new coins entering the market will lead to an increase in price. Technically, the halving could affect interest in mining, as the reduction in rewards will reduce the profitability of this activity.

First Halving (November 28, 2012)

Remuneration before halving: 50 BTC

Post-halving reward: 25 BTC

Price Impact: Before the halving, Bitcoin was trading for less than $10. By the end of 2012, the price had risen to $12, and by November 2013 to over $1000.

Second Halving (July 9, 2016)

Reward before halving: 25 BTC

Remuneration after halving: 12.5 BTC

Price Impact: In 2016 before the halving, Bitcoin was worth about $650. A year after the halving, by July 2017, the price rose to $2500, and by the end of 2017, it reached nearly $20,000.

Third Halving (May 11, 2020)

Remuneration before halving: 12.5 BTC

Post-halving reward: 6.25 BTC

Price Impact: Before the 2020 halving, Bitcoin was trading at around $8800. Despite the COVID-19 pandemic, the price increased throughout the year, and in December 2020, the price surpassed $20,000 for the first time. In 2021, the price continued to rise, reaching an all-time high of around $64,000 in April 2021.

Bitcoin halving also has an effect on the cryptocurrency industry as a whole and related industries:

1. Impact on market perception

Bitcoin halving increases optimism in the market, which may stimulate investment in other cryptocurrencies.

2. Impact on investment strategies

Investors may temporarily reduce their investments in altcoins before the halving, but after taking profits they may increase their investments in other cryptocurrencies.

3. Impact of mining and hashrate

Halving directly affects the profitability of miners, since the reward for the mined block is halved. This often leads to less efficient miners going out of business, which increases the share of larger, more technologically advanced market participants. The event may also force miners to switch to altcoins, affecting their mining difficulty and network stability.

4. Impact on volatility

Halving can increase price volatility for both Bitcoin and altcoins, causing short-term market fluctuations.

5. Impact on new investments

The increased interest in Bitcoin during the halving event attracts new investment into the cryptocurrency, boosting the growth of the entire industry.

Prospects after halving

After the halving, many analysts predict an increase in the value of Bitcoin, as was the case after previous halvings. However, it is important to understand that the cryptocurrency market is extremely volatile and subject to many external influences.

Overview for investors

For investors and crypto market participants, this period is a time for careful analysis and perhaps investment in Bitcoin if they believe in the long-term growth of its value. However, as with any investment, it is necessary to consider risks and diversify investments.

How to buy Bitcoin with Swaps?

You can buy Bitcoin, Ethereum, BNB, SOL, XRP, ADA and other tokens securely and with low commissions using many local currencies and any convenient payment method directly in the Swaps.

Conclusion

The 2024 Bitcoin halving is not just a technical process of change in the most popular cryptocurrency, it is an event that could significantly affect the economic structure of the crypto market. Therefore, halving attracts a lot of attention and forces you to follow developments in order to make the most of the opportunities from it.

Thank you for reading and stay tuned with us for further updates.

This article does not provide financial advice and is for informational purposes only, providing readers with context and an analytical overview. Responsibility for investment decisions rests entirely with readers and it is recommended that a financial advisor or expert be consulted before taking any action.

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